FUNGSI OTAK DAN TUBUH DALAM MENGAWAL EMOSI STRES

 Anatomi Stres: Badan kita respon terhadap STRES EMOSIONAL seperti respon terhadap STRES/MARABAHAYA FIZIKAL.

 Pemikiran dan Emosi kita sebenarnya mengeluarkan respon fisiologikal untuk “Fight or Flight”.

 BIOKIMIA STRES:

 A. HORMON STRES: Hormon keluaran kelenjar adrenal yg terus merebak seluruh badan.

 B.Cortisol – Meningkatkan tenaga dlm respon STRES.

 

 NEUROTRANSMITTERS: Hormon penyampai yg menghantar PEMIKIRAN dr 1 neuron(sel otak) ke neuron lain

Adrenaline – Penggerak respon stres

Serotonin – Penutup stres dan merehatkan minda

 

 HORMON STRES / NEUROTRANSMITTERS

 •Biokimia KUAT yg membawa isyarat dr 1 sel ke sel yg lain

•Adrenaline – pengerak respon stres

Cortisol – meningkatkan tenaga dalam respon stres

 ANTI-STRES NEUROTRANSMITTER:

SEROTONIN – the “FEEL GOOD” Chemical

 

JENIS STRES

1.STRES AKUT: Respon fizikal, mental dan emosional terhadap bahaya benar atau tidak :

2.Insiden sekali lalu datang dan pergi serta merta

3.Sehabis kejadian, respon dan hormon rehat di fasa yang normal

4.Kerosakan fizikal minimal

 

STRES AKUT EPISODIK:

1. Respon fizikal, mental dan emosional terhadap bahaya benar atau tidak :

YANG BERULANG ULANG KALI!

contoh:

1.Selalu sibuk , lewat dan tak terkawal

2.”Worry Warts”

3.Selalu menyalahkan orang lain atau kejadian luaran lain

 4.Boleh mengakibatkan masalah kesihatan kronik

 

•STRES KRONIK:

•Tidak hentinya tekanan atau situasi negatif mengakibatkan respon stres yang tak berkesudahan seperti:

1.Terperangkap dlm situasi yg tiada penyelesaian

2.Tiada jalan keluar/lain

3.Sudah terbiasa dah sudah lupa bahawa itu adalah STRES

4.STRES KRONIK penyebab Terlebihan Hormon CORTISOL:

5.Penyebab kerosakan sistem badan

6.Kunci utama PENUAAN

7.CAN KILL YOU!

 

 Efek Stres

1. Efek singkat ADRENALINE: 

2.Otot tegang

3.Pernafasan laju

4.Nadi & tekanan

5.jantung kuat

6.Pencernaan terbantut

7.Tumpuan Mental kuat

 

 Efek Kronik CORTISOL:

1. Mengemukkan

2.Tulang rapuh

3.Sel otak mengecil

4.Sistem imun lemah

5.Tenaga badan lemah

6.Penuaan!

 

  TYPES OF STRESS

 ►ACUTE STRESS:

 ► The physical, mental and emotional reaction to an immediate REAL or PERCEIVED Demand or Threat

One-time incident that usually comes and goes quickly

Once the acute threat has passed, the response subsides and levels of stress hormones return to normal

Physical “damage” is minimal

 ►EPISODIC ACUTE STRESS:

 ► The physical, mental and emotional reaction to an immediate REAL or PERCEIVED Demand or Threat

 

 ►. . . OVER AND OVER AGAIN!

 •People who are:

-Always busy, late, disorganized

-“Type A” personalities

-“Worry Warts”

-Blame others, external events for problems

 

Extended over-arousal produces CHRONIC HEALTH PROBLEMS

 •CHRONIC STRESS:

• Unrelenting, long-term demands, pressures or negative situations

•People who:

►Feel trapped in a situation they can’t change

►See NO WAY OUT

 

►GET USED TO IT – Forget the Stress is there

 ►CHRONIC STRESS produces CHRONICALLY ELEVATED CORTISOL:

►Can negatively affect all body systems

►A key factor in the process of “AGING!”

 

►CAN KILL YOU!

 

Buat peringatan diriku utk mempratikkannya

Sharing Info secara teori…..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Illahi Anta Maksudi Wardhoka Matlubi

 

 

The Endocrine System

CHEMISTRY OF STRESS STRESS HORMONES: Chemicals produced in the adrenal glands that carry messages around the body Cortisol – increases energy production in response to stress NEUROTRANSMITTERS: Chemical messengers that transmit THOUGHT from one brain cell (neuron) to the next Adrenaline – produces stress response Serotonin – relieves stress and calms the mind. HORMONES and NEUROTRANSMITTERS cause: 1.Brain to become more alert 2.Heart and Blood Vessels to pump blood faster 3.Lungs to expand; breathing rate to increase to provide more oxygen to blood 4.Muscles to tense 5.Stored sugars and fat to be released for energy 6.Digestive system to shut down 7.Sensory organs to sharpen 8.Immune system to send infection-fighters to skin

 

Anotomy of Stress The body responds to EMOTIONAL stress exactly like it responds to PHYSICAL danger or stress. Thoughts and emotions produce actual physiological responses that prepare us for “Fight or Flight”

The body’s Acute Stress response has been compared to an airplane readying for take-off! FIGHT or FLIGHT Response: The BRAIN signals the body to release Hormones and Neurotransmitters that prepare all systems to be ready to “go” to meet a perceived threat

STRESS HORMONES / NEUROTRANSMITTERS Powerful Chemicals that carry signals between cells Adrenaline – produces stress response Cortisol – increases energy production in response to stress ANTI-STRESS NEUROTRANSMITTER: SEROTONIN – the “FEEL GOOD” Chemical

EFFECTS OF STRESS Short-term Effects of ADRENALINE: •Muscles Tense •Breathing Becomes Rapid •Heart Rate & Blood Pressure Increase •Digestion Stops •Mental Alertness Increases Evidence suggest that long-term, CORTISOL •Makes us Fat! •Thins our Bones •Shrinks our Brains •Suppresses our Immune System •Saps our Energy Levels •Contributes to Aging!

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